Monday, September 24, 2007

Protest for Identification and Representation in Contitution Assembly

Federation of Kirat Association (FIKA) organised 'Ranke Julus' on 16 sept at Mandal in Kathmandu. The Objective was to give pressure on government to identify those indigenous peoples (IPs) who are still unrecognized and represent in Constitution Assembly( CA).

The recent ILO ratification allows these unrecognized IPs to be recognized.

The program was started by Upendra Yamphu the Secretary of Sangharsa Samiti. The first speaker was Gokul Chamling, the president of Kirat Yuba Bidyarti Samaj. He gave emphasis on Repulic political System.

Indra Kulung from Kirat Kulung Language Cultural Association said " We are in protest since 2002. These unidentified groups are not recognized by the state which are legally identified. we take this issue to village level."

Hom Yamphu, the President of FIKA said' Our human rights is being violated. The 20 point agreement is not a proper agreement. There is social imbalance by this.'He also appealed to take active participation in this revolution to whole unidentified IPOs.

Bhawani Lohourng, Co-ordinator of Sangharsha samiti said that the protest was started by Bakulo chana(Bahing, Kulung, Lohorung, Chamling and Nacchiring) and he also told that they requested Nepal Government and Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) a lot to not to seprate unidentified IPOs in CA. Then he lit fire and all others too did the same.

The round circle of people carrying fire shouted slogan and the program ended with extinguished fire.

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Know the Chawa and Samek

Chawa and Samek, these two factors are very essential to the Lohorung people. Samek is the 'Original' or proto-name that identifies people, clans, and objects in their relation with the ancestors and the Chawa mean 'first clan watering place" it links the 'person' through an identification with the clan to a particular area or territory.
Both Samek & Chawa relate to each other and they locate people in relation to a collective group and a particular locality. The fact truth is, even if clan split and take on new independent clan names, retain their original Samek name.

In Lohorung community can't do without it. We generally discuss at marriage time, Is it permitted or is it forbidden? It will be all right if the girl and boy Samek is different.
As I know the Chawa and Samek collected by asking to the senior people.
Chawa and Samek are as follows:

Yangkhrung-pitukma chawa (Dharapani dhupu)-Kechaba/kechama
Dekhim-Lambuwa chawa(Pangma)-Dekhaba/dekhama
Bik-sik-Tumbuwa & tumbokma chawa (Yaphu/Diding)-Chiksaba/chiksama
Chukuwa-Khamlewa chawa (Arubote chewa)-Rungkhaba/rongkhama
Deren Lamsong-Lungkowa chawa(not identified the place)-Yungkhaba/yungkhama.

Thus, Samek and Chawa relate to each other and together they locate people in relation to a group and to a particular locality.

We have studied grammar that about prefix and suffix to make the new words and differentiate male, female. Here we can follow the rule of grammar of suffix to differentiate "Ba" for the male and "Ma" for the female. For example, all the four brother clans in pangma have same samek name dekha+ba=dekhaba for the males and dekha+ma=dekhama for the females.

According to the priest whom known as a Yatangpa, Samek & chawa play very important role in our social activities, the priest (yatangpa) call the ancestor using the samek and chawa, if there was no samek people couldn't say anything but didn't explain why.