Monday, September 24, 2007

Protest for Identification and Representation in Contitution Assembly

Federation of Kirat Association (FIKA) organised 'Ranke Julus' on 16 sept at Mandal in Kathmandu. The Objective was to give pressure on government to identify those indigenous peoples (IPs) who are still unrecognized and represent in Constitution Assembly( CA).

The recent ILO ratification allows these unrecognized IPs to be recognized.

The program was started by Upendra Yamphu the Secretary of Sangharsa Samiti. The first speaker was Gokul Chamling, the president of Kirat Yuba Bidyarti Samaj. He gave emphasis on Repulic political System.

Indra Kulung from Kirat Kulung Language Cultural Association said " We are in protest since 2002. These unidentified groups are not recognized by the state which are legally identified. we take this issue to village level."

Hom Yamphu, the President of FIKA said' Our human rights is being violated. The 20 point agreement is not a proper agreement. There is social imbalance by this.'He also appealed to take active participation in this revolution to whole unidentified IPOs.

Bhawani Lohourng, Co-ordinator of Sangharsha samiti said that the protest was started by Bakulo chana(Bahing, Kulung, Lohorung, Chamling and Nacchiring) and he also told that they requested Nepal Government and Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) a lot to not to seprate unidentified IPOs in CA. Then he lit fire and all others too did the same.

The round circle of people carrying fire shouted slogan and the program ended with extinguished fire.

1 comment:

Cus said...

Lohorung Yakhakhaba Yuyong is an autonomous and representative organization of Lohorung community at national level. It has been formally registered with the District Administration Office, Kathmandu under the social Act of His Majesty's Government of Nepal (HMGN) in 1999 (2056 BS). The Yuyong has been working for social and economic development as well as for language and culture development of the Lohorung community from its inception. Its central office is located at Talchhi Khel-14, Lalitpur. It has also primary committees in the villages of Pangma, Diding, Heluwa and Bardeo of Sakhuwasabha.

Lohoruhg Yakhakhaba Yuyong and situation:
The Lohorung are one of the indigenous communities of Nepal, having their own language, culture, history and tradition. They have their own social structure for their whole social life cycle. They are endogamous in particular. Lohorung Yakhakhaba community had its own economic activities within the group prior to the modernization period. Their traditional land is in one of the remotest part of the country is called Upper Arun Valley of Sankhuwa Sava District. Presently At present, the Lohorung communities are living in 9 different districts of Nepal and the Indian State of West Bengal – Darjeeling, Kalingpong, Sikkim. However, the major settlements are in Sankhuwasabha, Ilam, Morang, Sunsari, Jhapa, Tehrathum and Kathmandu. The total population of the Lohorung is estimated around to be 100,000 - 150,000.

Lohorung community is one of the most marginalized ethnic groups in the country. As this community is resided in the remote hilly areas, the basic infrastructures and services like motorable roads, electricity, clean drinking water, education, communication and health services are not available to their residing areas. The majority of the Lohorung are depended on traditional agriculture. Due to the unproductive land conditions, they are not able to produce adequate food from their farms. They do not have education and therefore have no access to productive resources and decision making process. They are compelled to migrate in search of pottering and agriculture labor for their livelihood.

After the restoration of multi-party democracy in Nepal, the government has established National Foundation for Development of Indigenous Nationalities (NFDIN) under the NFDIN Act-2058 with the aim of mainstreaming the marginalized ethnic groups. The NFDIN, an autonomous body is established under the Ministry of Local Development being registered as a separate group under the special programmes for the development of indigenous nationalities chaired by the Prime Minister. The Lohorung community has adequate bases for NFDIN Act-2058 as other group like Gurung, Tamang and Magar. But it has been denied registration to establish its identity as the “Lohorung Community”, reason, the Lohorung community has been continuously deprived of the development opportunities. The Lohorung Yakhakhaba along with other is continuously making efforts towards its solution or registration as separate group.

The vision of this association is to establish equitable, just and dignified society by protecting and ensuring rights of the Lohorung community.

The mission of the organization is to achieve its vision through facilitating the Lohorung community in their organization and empowerment process to ensure their rights and development mainstreaming. In the process, the community will be equipped with information and skills for claiming their rights.

Entertaining rights with respect to others
Live and let others live

The goal of the organization is to help in national development through the overall development of the Lohorung community.

• To establish, protect, recognize and promote rights of the Lohorung community
• To strengthen social and economic status of the Lohorung community
• To explore, protect and develop Lohorung language, culture, literature and arts,
• To explore, protect and promote traditional knowledge and skills practiced by Lohorung Community,
• To protect and promote biodiversity
• To participate in the works of global peace and development based on the Lohorung community,
• To bring the community into the mainstream of overall development for a dignified life.

Working Strategy
Organising and mobilizing the Lohorung community to enable for claiming their rights is the major strategy of the Lohorung Yakhakhaba Yuyong. For this, it has been conducting awareness campaign about the rights of the people and their obligation. It has also focused on organisational development of the Lohorung communities at the grass-roots level. Particularly, the LYS is providing support for their management capacity enhancement.

Establishment of network alliance is also a strategy for the campaign. Both internal network and network/alliances with other like–minded organizations is also taken as a strategy for collective efforts.

Economic empowerment process is another strategy. Until and unless the community members are well off economically, organization development becomes uncertain/incomplete. So it has been making efforts for access to resources. For this, the LYS is organizing\arranging skill trainings, and looking for opportunities for linkages.

Research/study will be carried out on the language spoken by the community, culture, arts, traditional knowledge and skills and efforts will also be made towards development/ promotion of them. Protection and promotion of bio-diversity will be made among the Lohorung Yakhakhaba communities’ for the development.

The LYS does not implement its program activities directly through the central level. Instead, it implements through the respective local committee (village unit) with direct involvement of local people from the very beginning. This process is expected to support the local peoples’ capacity enhancement.


There are three levels of structure under the LYS organisational structure as Central committee, Village unit committees. The National Conference is the supreme body of the organization. Representatives from all over the country will take part in the national conference and the conference will elect a Central Executive Committee for three years. Annual plan will be prepared by the annual general convention and implemented by the Central committee. Similarly primary committee hold conference/conventions in every 4th year and elect village/primary committee. Annual general convention prepares annual plan and implements them. Beside the committees, there will be different departments under the committees as language and culture, women, student, communication, socio-economic development, etc.

Budget resources:
Levies and membership fees from Lohorung communities is the major source of budget. Some of the Lohorung personalities have donated for specific program like land purchase of office building and some of the specific programs as workshop/trainings. The LYS is also taking small grant support from government and non-governmental organizations occasionally. The financial transactions will be carried out through bank Accounts with joint signature of the Treasurer as compulsory and either of the President or the General Secretary.

Physical facilities/assets
The LYS has its own office room at Talchhi Khel-14, Lalitpur provided by Lohorung community member free of cost and it is equipped with furniture & basic office facility.
Several branch offices have also been established in respective villages of Sankhuwa Sava and Ilam district. The office is equipped with the necessary facilities.

District and village unit committee offices have been arranged in respective districts and villages by arranging office room. Generally the space for office has been provided by Lohorung members.

Major Activities Conducted
• Organisational development of Lohorung Communities (Central Committee, Village Committees and also established cultural, women and student departments under Central Committee)
• Organized various knowledge and skill development trainings for Lohorung Community people
• Conduction of FM radio program in collaboration with other groups
• Continuous fight for recognition of Lohorung Community's identities with listing in National Foundation for Development of Indigenous Nationalities (NFDIN) annex. For this, various Advocacy and lobbing campaigns have been organized at individual and in joint venture with other Kirati Groups.
• Publication of Lohorung Dictionary.
• Organised blood donation campaign.
• Supported to sick, disabled and managed dead bodies belonging to Lohorung Community as well as others.

Contact Office, Talchhi khel-14, Lalitpur
GPO1327, Sundhara, Kathmandu
Phone: 977-1-4429652/ 4361097
Mobile: 98510 50179