Friday, July 18, 2008

Globalization and Indigenous Peoples

With the help of new technology the distance of the universe has been minimized. All people have been caught by the fever of globalization. even in remote areas it is approached and the way of living style is quite different now. Capitalism is supposed to be major part of globalization which in its absence it is impossible to be developed a country. Open economic policy is the strategy of globalization. Generally globalization means monopoly of capital, information technology, knowledge, information e.t.c. free flow of above followings have primarily sandwiched indigenous values.
For the first time international indigenous film festival I happened to witness, the blunder circumstances that the indigenous peoples have been facing all over the world. It was showed a documentary that of mouri indigenous peoples of New Zealand entitled O’mapere a lake shape like belly-getting food (O- belly, ampere- food) from that lake to survive. Later on, the government approved to let establish industry on the O’mepere area without thinking its impact over natural purity and indigenous peoples who were fully depend on O’mepere.
As a consequence, O’mepere was polluted. Even sanitation and health department announced the alert that it was harmful to drink water of O’mepere. No hearing was advocated in favor of O’mepere peoples though they were being deprived of various privileges. I was quite touched by that documentary. Moreover it helped to know that how indigenous nationalities had been exploited.
In the beginning working with different people and places in the world, I.L.O (international labor organization) had found indigenous more exploited. So, I.L.O, an organ of U.N (United Nations) formed I.L.O 169 which is in Nepal commenced from 2005. It has been working with indigenous peoples and recommends the government to include them into the national policy framework. Since they are back warded, their status has been deteriorating- language, culture, costume and the way of living.
The twenty first century is the era of technocracy no one is untouched by this techno- escape- village to city, city to village it has become easy to access from one to another. By the end of this millennium, the entire world will have changed into global village with the revolution of technology. A small number of people have access of technology and the large majority of the population in this country doesn’t.
The impact of globalization on indigenous peoples has been very devastating. From the external invasion, Nepal has received a serious blow. The Nepalese elite groups have pushed the indigenous to speak Nepali and follow Hindu rituals. And Nepali elite and ruling groups are forced to speak English. The general thought west is the best psyche also has helped to destruct of indigenous culture. Developed countries’ culture has penetrated each and every corner of country. Many indigenous youths do not know their mother language but they speak English fluently.

No comments: