Sunday, March 1, 2009

Introduction of Lohorung Ethnicity:

Nepal is a multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi-cultural and multi-religious country. Taking stock of these truths, the Constitution of the of Nepal of 1990 has put forward a conceptual design to uplift the living standards of the Indigenous Nationalities - respectively known, identified and addressed as "Adibasi Janajati" - by removing all sorts of existing economic and social inequalities and to set up and develop their healthy social life based on justice and morality, thus consolidating the national integrity, and preserving such peoples' identities and cultural diversities by developing their languages, literatures, arts, scripts, religions and cultures and by creating special opportunities for their education, well-being and employment.

According to the 1991 census the nationalities/indigenous peoples comprised 35.6 percent of the total population of which the largest group is Magar with 7.2 percent. Most of the nationalities groups comprise of small population and many of them are on the verge of extinction like Kusundas, Hayus, Surels, Bankariyas etc. But, the share of nationalities/indigenous population is seemed decreased by 15 percent in 2001 (31.01 percent) from 1991 (35.6 percent) national population census. And the population of Rai in which the Lohorungs are lumped together with is also seemed to decrease by 2 percent in 2001 (2.79 percent) from 1991 (2.84 percent) national population census. It can be the Yakha which is separated from the so-called Rai ethnic group (this is a debated ethnicity and used to be a position given to a local chieftain) in 2001 national population census and enumerated as a different cultural group ( Dahal, 2003).

Similarly, Lohorung Community also proudly feels that Lohorung should be separated from this so-called ethnic Rai ethnic group and considered as a separate cultural group like Yakha, which has its distinct own socio-physical location, socio-cultural norms, language and economic activities and contribution to the nation. In this context, Lohorung Yakhkhaba Yuyong had approached to the concerned government agency to be identified Lohorung as a distinct cultural group and enumerate as Lohorung in 2001 national population census like Yakka. But lack of strong voice of Lohorung Community (politically, socially and intellectually) Lohorung Yakhkhaba Yuyong became unsuccessful in its attempt to be identified Lohorung as a distinct cultural group or indigenous ethnicity in Nepal and enumerate as Lohorung in 2001 national population census. Thus, Lohorung Yakhkhaba Samaj does feel to have a national census of Lohorung Ethnicity in the nine districts of Nepal in its own initiation where Lohorung Community resides.

As the state has declared to remove all sorts of existing economic and social inequalities and to set up and develop their healthy social life based on justice and morality, but it has not given any thought about having a census for segregated data on them as multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi-cultural and multi-religious sect of our social system and has no knowledge on specific clan of people like Rais. Rai is actually is not a label given to indigenous group of people it is rather a label given to a certain class of people to run the administration by the then so-called rulers. Now, Rai label is used for a wide range of ethnic groups who falls under the Kiranti group of Nationalities who differ in languages, cultures and their way of life as their identity. By labeling them as RAI is to exclude them from the state resources provided for their socio-economic upliftment to individual ethnic group of peoples.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Hi everything is okay,,, a little but e llittle bit mistake under my grammatical microscoope if you send the text i can mark but here not copied...

anish